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STEM在低等学校

We ask our young students to think and act like scientists

鸿博体育的低 schoolers apply their knowledge and skills to identify and address real-world problems, incorporating components of 技术, 工程, 可持续性, 和设计. They learn question formation, 观察, 实验, 测量, 分析, 推理和演绎, 重要的思考, 和沟通能力.

低年级学校还促进对数学技能和概念的深刻理解. 鸿博体育的数学课程的目标是真实的, 以问题为基础的探究,使学生扩展他们的知识,并应用于上下文.

Read more about STEM education at the elementary level

年度干细胞活动

Students prepare to race mini boats on 制造商的一天.

Lower schoolers work with teachers to design and build various games and contraptions leading up to 制造商的一天, then spend the day playing with their creations.

在鸿博体育之前和期间 一周的代码, lower schoolers learn about the binary numeral system and have a blast playing coding games. The week is an extended version of the 小时的代码, which aims to demystify coding, show that anybody can learn the basics, and foster interest in computer science.

Second graders learning about bones at 卫生公平.

在鸿博体育年度 卫生公平, 在卫生保健部门工作的家长和社区成员利用亲身实践的活动,让二年级学生了解他们的职业.

Second graders present their Rube Goldberg machine to the class.

Third graders collaborate in small groups to build 小题大作的机器.

Fourth graders on a field study in the mountains.

Fourth graders venture out on a dozen 领域的研究 to examine Utah’s environment.

Fifth grader presenting science project to teacher.

Fifth graders complete an individual project and present it to teachers and peers in our beloved 科学共享.

STEM education across all grade levels

个性化的关注

Our Lower School has an average class size of 17 students, compared to 24 in Utah's public elementary schools. 每个孩子都是知名的,并以最能满足他们需求的方式得到支持.

较低的学校 STEM Stories in 小字 Magazine

鸿博体育 上学校 students in disguise for the Drag Vs. 艾未未工作室.

编者按:本文转载自罗兰厅2020-2021年度报告.


2021 Inspired Brilliance Awards winner badge

这个故事了 silver 在2021年的InspirED Brilliance Awards(杂志专题文章写作类).


Computer science impacts our daily lives, 但在反映民族种族方面,它的劳动力严重短缺, ethnic, 和性别统计. Solving that problem starts with K–12 education. The subject’s proponents at 鸿博体育 are ensuring equity is programmed into the curriculum—and the curriculum gets the attention it deserves—building toward a computing-literate society where everyone has a seat at the table.

During hybrid learning one February afternoon, about 40 鸿博体育 faculty, staff, and upper schoolers—some working from home, 其他来自林肯街校园的学生——逐渐挤满了Zoom室. It started off as a standard pandemic-era 上学校 class, 但20分钟后, it looked more like an avant-garde digital dress rehearsal. Students unearthed accessories from family members’ closets and Halloween costumes past: a cowboy hat, a pair of aviation goggles, 豹纹围巾. 他们戴着面具,羽毛围巾,浓妆浓抹,戴着超大的太阳镜.

Director of Arts Sofia Gorder and her dance students comprised half of these creative camouflagers, 但是,尽管外表, it wasn’t prep for one of their performances. It was an open workshop held by teacher Ben Smith ’89 and his Advanced Placement Computer Science (CS) Principles class to show the 上学校 community how facial-recognition technologies work and how they can be harmful, particularly for underrepresented groups.

One dance student, Mena Zendejas-Portugal ’21, wore a pink wig with bangs that covered her eyes. 她在洋红色刘海下面用化妆品在脸颊上吸引眼球. Mena and her peers smirked at their laptop cameras as a 基于网络的程序 使用人工智能(AI)来猜测他们的年龄和性别. 

罗兰堂的计算机科学老师本·史密斯参加了高中的变装v. AI facial-recognition workshop.

89岁的计算机科学老师本·史密斯(Ben Smith)把自己变成了Drag v乐队的一员. 艾未未工作室.


Before Mena wore her disguise, 程序在把她误认为13岁男孩和12岁女孩之间摇摆不定. After Mena changed her appearance, 具有讽刺意味的是, 该程序的猜测更接近现实:它将她归类为16岁的女性. 

“我长着一张圆脸,头发很短,所以人工智能能读出我的意思并不奇怪,说:“中东和北非地区, one of the leaders of the student Justice, Equity, 多样性, and 包容 (JEDI) Committee. “这只是证实了人工智能是建立在刻板印象和审美标准之上的想法,这些标准并不适用于所有人.”

Algorithms permeate our daily lives, and flawed coding can have devastating real-world consequences, from wrongful arrests to housing discrimination. Ben educates the 鸿博体育 community on these problems, and ensures his CS students are equipped to solve them.

Algorithms permeate our daily lives, and the type of flawed coding that Mena experienced can have devastating real-world consequences, from wrongful arrests to housing discrimination. Ben educates the 鸿博体育 community on these problems, and ensures his CS students are equipped to solve them. “If these students are going to become leaders in 技术, they need to have this perspective,”本说. “你不能要求人们对一份职业感兴趣,却不让他们为未来的后果做好准备.” 

Ben一直给学生们提供讨论JEDI问题的空间,但在2020-2021学年,他正式将其添加到CS课程中. 还有罗兰厅, the marriage of CS and social justice is a natural development: the school prioritized science, 技术, 工程, 和数学(STEM) in the 2014年战略计划, and during the past school year, longtime JEDI work escalated as a priority. 

February’s facial-recognition workshop—Drag Vs. 人工智能的 Algorithmic Justice League, which “combines art and research to illuminate the social implications and harms” of AI—helped a cross section of upper schoolers see firsthand why this work matters: “By just learning CS and not looking behind the scenes, the future could be less inclusive than we envision,“中东和北非地区反映. Indeed, AI researcher Joy Buolamwini, 一位黑人妇女, 在她的工作中亲身经历了算法歧视后,成立了这个联盟. In one project utilizing generic facial-recognition software, 直到乔伊戴上白色面具,程序才发现她的脸. 在另一场比赛中,她不得不请一个肤色较浅的朋友代替她. We can solve these problems, Joy posited in a 2016年TED演讲 超过1.4 million views, by creating more inclusive code. 团队必须是多元化的,并有动力去创造一个“技术为鸿博体育所有人服务的世界”, 不只是鸿博体育中的一些人, a world where we value inclusion and center social change.”

This ethos fuels Ben’s work. 罗兰学院的校友, now celebrating 20 years as a faculty member at his alma mater, 2015年开始教授计算机科学,并在两年后转为教授该学科. 从第一天开始, he’s made it his mission to diversify CS, a field “plagued by stark underrepresentation by gender, race, 种族, 地理位置, 和家庭收入,” according to CS advocacy nonprofit Code.org. The US needs more—and more diverse—computer scientists, 扩大劳动力的努力需要从K-12学校开始. Computing jobs are the top source of all new wages in the U.S. 他们占了STEM领域所有新就业岗位的三分之二.org touts, making CS one of the most in-demand college degrees. 上大学前的接触也会有所不同:在高中学习计算机科学的学生选择计算机科学专业的可能性要高出六倍. Among traditionally underrepresented groups, 这种可能性甚至更高:黑人和拉丁裔学生的概率是他们的7倍, 女性是10倍.

本目前依靠一对一的招募来增加那些未被充分代表的人群的CS注册人数. He read a book around 2014, during graduate school in instructional design and educational 技术 at the University of Utah, that sparked his professional goals: Stuck in the Shallow End: Education, Race, and Computing 由简马戈利斯. 这本书记录了黑人和拉丁裔学生缺乏学习计算机科学课程的机会,并阐述了如何改变这一体系. “It was just one of those eye-opening moments,”他说. “除了制度上的偏见,计算机科学教育为什么会是今天这个样子,这没有任何逻辑上的原因……这是非常不公平的。.“从那时起, 本已经优先解决了他所说的当今教育中最突出的公平问题. 他与其他学校和组织合作,努力扩大计算机科学的机会, 并努力为罗兰厅建立一个公平的计算机科学项目. “With 鸿博体育's support, 我致力于这样一个未来:所有计算机科学课程的学生人数都反映了学校的整体人口结构.”

Building 课程 from the Ground Up

幸运的是, Ben isn’t starting from scratch when sixth graders meet him in Foundations of Computer Science, a required class since 2016. 基督教 Waters于2013年开始担任技术整合总监, 他设计了一个计算机课程库,吸引了所有初学和低年级学生. 基督教 teaches at least one unit of digital citizenship, coding, and robotics to every lower schooler. 孩子们可以参与动手操作的活动,比如为五颜六色的玩具机器人编程,以及用贴在毛毡上的LED灯构建可穿戴技术. 他们也得到了思考的空间,考虑计算的真实世界的应用, 比如推动联合国可持续发展目标之一. How might they use computing, 例如, 解决像过度拥挤或缺乏可负担的清洁能源这样的问题?

技术集成总监基督教 Waters在2018年低School Maker之夜, on the Salt Lake McCarthey校园.

克里斯蒂安·沃特斯和学生们在2018年的“下层学校创造者之夜”上.


克里斯蒂安从几十个专家教育资源中提取课程, including the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University, Children’s Innovation Project, 和代码.org. “We've built something that is really relevant, and the best combination of the best materials and resources,基督徒说:. “这不是一门装在大盒子里卖的课程,然后你推着箱子进教室, and everyone has to do it the exact same way. 这是为罗兰厅量身定制的,与鸿博体育的目标和目标相关.” 

Thanks to ongoing collaboration between 基督教 and Ben, 鸿博体育’s CS curriculum is also vertically aligned: “We're preparing students for Advanced Placement Computer Science A Java in a way they never were before. Students in the 中学 are learning about objects, classes, 功能, 和变量,“基督教的解释. “这在一定程度上要归功于鸿博体育如何从初级学校开始.”

垂直对齐和以任务为中心的课程的一个例子是:克里斯蒂安使用代码.org activity where lower schoolers train a computer to recognize facial expressions—broaching some of the same issues upper schoolers examined in their February workshop. The crux of the 较低的学校 lesson, 根据这位教育家的说法:“鸿博体育如何区分一个人的面部特征,以及他是高兴、悲伤还是兴奋, and is that even ethical to do that?学生们可以锻炼他们的批判性思维技能,并面对与这些课程如何运作有关的问题, and how to ensure they’re as ethical and unbiased as possible. “最终 what students get is that there is a lot of subjectivity in how we humans train computers,基督徒说:. 

一群努力

Part of attracting younger and more diverse students to CS—and, 在路上, reducing bias in code—entails continual, 广泛的接触. 基督教 has not only integrated CS into classrooms, 他还创造了社区范围内的机会,聚集在计算和工程领域. He organizes three annual events that are now synonymous with STEM culture on the McCarthey校园: the beginning and lower school Family 制造商的夜晚 in the fall, the school-wide 小时的代码 in the winter, and 较低的学校 制造商的一天 in the spring. “这些活动的目的是揭开技术和制造的神秘面纱,”克里斯蒂安说. “All students can see themselves as computer scientists, coders, makers, roboticists, engineers.”

These events and the school’s CS curriculum as a whole are dominated by collaborative group work that occasionally reaches across subjects and divisions. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, Ben Smith's Advanced Placement Computer Science Principles students collaborated annually with Tyler Stack's fourth graders to make an app that helps young students learn math. 高年级学生分组设计并测试低年级学生的应用概念,并利用他们的反馈改进应用设计. 给21年的凯蒂·达克, 这是罗兰·霍尔CS项目的一大亮点:“最让我难忘的是使用新的界面来帮助人们.” It’s a fitting favorite memory for Katy, 谁在2020年成为罗兰学院第一个获得计算机志向计划最高国家奖的学生, sponsored by the National Center for Women & Information 技术 (NCWIT). 她赢得了, 在某种程度上, 感谢她在盐湖城的双重浸入学院(Dual Immersion Academy)为学生提供辅导,并成立了一个编程俱乐部, 这是她上小学时就读的一所西班牙-英语双语特许学校.

Two 鸿博体育 computer science students learning how to program a robot to write on a white board.

两个CS学生正在学习如何为一个机器人编写程序,让它在白板上写字.


该应用程序项目是小组工作的一个主要例子,可以鼓励未被充分代表的人群追求CS, 根据博士. 海伦胡, 威斯敏斯特大学计算机科学教授,他的工作研究了教育者如何提高计算机科学的多样性. “In industry there's something called agile co-programming, which is people working in groups,“博士说. 他的两个孩子分别在罗兰学院上九年级和七年级. “这实际上是一项重要的计算技能——能够与他人合作.” While some students love computing for computing, 她补充说, a lot of others love it because of what it can do, “because of the problems you can solve, because of the impact you can have,”她说. “By doing both, by emphasizing these other parts of computing, you're helping both types of students. The students who love to code, still get to code. 那些喜欢用编程来解决问题的学生们正在这样做. We know that students aren't going to learn it as well when you just teach it at the level of, ‘Where does the semicolon go and where do parentheses go?’”

亚历克斯Armknecht 20, 2019年渴望计算区域奖得主,现在是洛约拉玛丽蒙特大学(LMU)的计算机专业学生。, appreciated learning CS at a more holistic level. “我喜欢罗兰厅的计算机科学课程,它们一直是我高中最喜欢的课程,”她说. “我喜欢奥巴马的方式. Smith taught and allowed us creative freedom … his class is the main reason I am majoring in CS. I learned the importance of asking for help, 创造力, 和协作, which all have been helpful to me in my college CS classes.”

在她大四的时候, Alex also participated in another shining example of collaborative group work in CS: the 上学校’s For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and 技术 (FIRST) Tech Challenge Robotics team. 这支球队在2019-2020年的首个赛季开局强劲,并继续发展, 本说:“这扩大了年轻女性成为领导者的机会, 竞争, 看看这个州的其他女孩是如何参与技术和工程的.” 

During the 2020–2021 school year, 大三学生Irenka Saffarian和Tina Su开始担任非官方的领导角色,这对不久的将来是个好兆头. Both have taken Advanced Placement CS A and are great coders, 本说, 他们努力推动球队进入全国半决赛 FIRST Global Innovation Awards. 鸿博体育 was the only team from Utah and one of only 60 teams internationally to make it that far. “Our theme right now is take it to the next level,”本说. “鸿博体育意识到鸿博体育即将达到一个真正有竞争力的水平——在这个水平上,鸿博体育实际上是在与这个州最好的球队竞争.本说,伊伦卡和蒂娜正致力于带领团队到达那里. 他们体现了本和克里斯蒂安希望在全校培养的热情. “我希望在罗兰厅学习计算机科学课程的未来能越来越多地带来兴奋和兴趣, ‘I cannot wait to use this skill in anything that interests me,“本说. “这不是一个孩子独自坐在地下室里打字. 这是鸿博体育一群人做出令人兴奋的、有趣的、真正有影响力的决定, and everyone needs to be at the table.”

Progress Made, and the Work Ahead

We are talking more about it, not just because it's zeitgeisty, but because 技术 has a lot of ground to make up here. We see ourselves as trying to help kids recognize that.—基督教 Waters, director of 技术 integration

而凯蒂, Alex, Irenka, and Tina are recent success stories, 克里斯蒂安和本欣然承认罗兰厅也存在种族和性别差异. 克里斯蒂安说,但学校一直在努力“从根本上改变这一现状”. Thanks 在某种程度上 to schoolwide training, JEDI values are ingrained in how 鸿博体育 instructors design and teach tech-related classes. “We are talking more about it, not just because it's zeitgeisty, but because 技术 has a lot of ground to make up here. We see ourselves as trying to help kids recognize that.” 

一个的埃尔南德斯, 在2020-2021年期间,他在大学二年级学习了AP计算机科学和机器人, appreciated the heightened JEDI focus. Ané’s 父母 are both engineers and she’s been interested in CS for as long as she can remember—the winner of a 2021 Aspirations in Computing regional honorable mention loves the art of programming. Ané, 谁是墨西哥裔美国人, has also long been interested in JEDI issues and advocating for more equity and representation, including through 鸿博体育’s student JEDI committee. 看到她的两个爱好,绝地武士和CS,是如何联系在一起的,她觉得很有吸引力. “随着科技的崛起, racial, gender, and socioeconomic problems still exist,”安妮说, "so they're just becoming interwoven." 

她感激绝地部队激发了她对CS的热情, she hopes her school also uses this momentum to self-reflect on, 例如, 如何让低收入学校和社区更容易接触到CS. 在罗兰厅,这种社区外展活动并不是史无前例的. 2015年夏天, and in two summers that followed, 鸿博体育举办了一场以教师培训为中心的非营利黑客马拉松. “这是鸿博体育为社区学习和成长文化做出贡献的一种方式,基督徒说:. 当地公立和私立学校的教育工作者聚集在林肯街校区,学习编程技能和某些工具的使用, like 3D printers and Arduino robots. The 技术 team helped cover some of the costs, 基督教说, and teachers could earn state licensing credit for attending. 本的简历中也充斥着各种会议和研讨会,他在那里培训自己的同龄人. “对我来说,向15到20名教育工作者展示如何教授一门课程非常棒,”他说, 然后我可以向他们展示,我的教室里有大多数女生, and that I've been able to recruit and build, 这是可能的.”

罗兰堂计算机科学老师本·史密斯和一名中学生在盐湖城林肯街校区.

Ben teaching in the 中学. Computer science is taught in all four 鸿博体育 divisions.


These sorts of efforts could expand in the future. 罗兰厅正在认真考虑如何增加CS的机会和空间, and plans could solidify as early as the 2021–2022 school year. 基督教 and Ben are drafting a CS strategic plan that involves integrating CS with other subjects, 培训老师, and expanding current classes. 和基督教, Ben, and Director of 课程 and Instruction Wendell Thomas are starting a CS task force and have asked others to join: one or two teachers from each division, Dr. 以及创业公司首席运营官兼首席执行官、Equality Utah董事会成员Sunny Washington. 工作组的首要行动之一将是对战略计划草案提供反馈.

就目前而言,克里斯蒂安和本为招收更多、更多样化的计算机科学专业学生所做的工作正在取得成效. 自2014年以来, 19翼狮已经获得了一个集体的25个奖项的抱负在计算程序, 包括一场(凯蒂的)胜利和两场国家级的荣誉提名. 鸿博体育 also won The College Board’s 2019 and 2020 Advanced Placement Computer Science Female 多样性 Award for achieving high female representation in our AP CS Principles class. Dr. 胡锦涛赞扬成就. “That's pretty impressive,”她说—especially for Utah. “在一些州,他们有数十名教师收到了这个. 鸿博体育有三个. I think that speaks to how difficult this is in the state." 

Ben, 基督教, 支持他们的教师和工作人员仍然专注于培养用工具武装起来的好公民,让技术为鸿博体育所有人工作, 不只是鸿博体育中的一些人.

Ben, 基督教, 支持他们的教师和工作人员仍然专注于培养用工具武装起来的好公民,让技术为鸿博体育所有人工作, 不只是鸿博体育中的一些人, as Joy Buolamwini so wisely said. Recent grad Katy is now attending Trinity College in Dublin, 爱尔兰, and majoring in law—possibly cyber law. 2020年12月,安娜·肖特16岁时给本发了一封电子邮件,告诉本她将于次年加入微软,担任项目经理. “Your class truly influenced the path I chose, 我非常感谢你激发了我对计算机科学的兴趣,” wrote Anna, 她毕业于南加州大学,还在她的大学校园里担任过K-12 CS夏令营的辅导员. 目前在读的学生Ané说她在AP计算机科学原理中学到的知识——算法可以决定某人是否获得贷款, 例如—was a game-changer for her. “这次经历让我想要的不仅仅是计算机科学专业, 而是一个特定的计算机科学领域,可能与人工智能有关,让参与者和程序员多样化,这样就不会有这么大的偏见.”

Alex also plans on working in CS, another testament to Ben’s teaching: “I decided I wanted to go to my college when I met LMU's chair and professor of computer science and he reminded me of Mr. 史密斯,”她说. “I would not be a computer science major if it weren't for him. He pushed me to work my hardest, to try new things, and provided me with lots of opportunities.”

This sort of feedback keeps Ben laser-focused on boosting equity in CS at 鸿博体育 and beyond. 他说:“我不会假装这件事让我热泪盈眶。. “这当然是我工作的动力,它提醒我,这是值得去做的. 我可以轻松地完成课程,并且做得相当好. 但这远远不止于此. The work is more than what I teach—it’s who I’m teaching to.”

Timeline: Modern Computer Science at 鸿博体育

STEM

Teacher with students at the Great Salt Lake.

介绍了 玛丽安的爱,四年级的老师

Fourth grade at 鸿博体育 is 所有鸿博体育犹他州. 鸿博体育都学习过 盐水虾 and the legislative process this year, 鸿博体育认为, What better time than distance learning to combine the two?!

After learning how bills become laws, 学生们主动向州政府请愿,要求将盐水虾作为犹他州官方的甲壳类动物. 谁会想到一个内陆国家会有一个国家甲壳类动物? Students used their persuasive-writing skills to craft letters to our governor and state legislators. Below, 菲利波尼院长的信是一个光辉的例子,展示了罗兰学院四年级学生的奉献精神.


2020年5月6日

亲爱的赫伯特州长,各位州代表和参议员:

我是罗兰堂小学四年级的学生,我给您写信是因为我热爱犹他州. I only have one suggestion to make Utah even better: we can become the only landlocked state in the United States of America that has a state crustacean. The crustacean l nominate is the 盐水虾.

盐水虾就像犹他州的人一样,鸿博体育都很执着,从不放弃.

Dean with his letter to state lawmakers.

   Dean with his letter to state lawmakers.

There are many cool facts about 盐水虾 that remind me about Utah and the great people in it. 例如, 你知道一只盐水虾只有铅笔橡皮大小吗, yet because there are so many in the Great Salt Lake, their combined weight is more than 13,000头大象? 它让我想起了犹他州,因为在这个世界面前,鸿博体育都是渺小的, but when we work together we can do even the hardest things.

盐水虾应该是犹他州甲壳类动物的另一个原因是它们已经存在了600多年,000年! Brine shrimp are part of this great state’s history, and should be acknowledged as a state crustacean!

盐水虾就像犹他州的人一样,鸿博体育都很执着,从不放弃. 事实上,盐水虾可以在221华氏度的高温下存活两个小时. The cysts can even survive for 25 years without food! Utahns have survived a lot of persecution; not to mention challenges with the weather and having to form communities in the high mountains and mountain deserts. Brine shrimp and the people of Utah are tough!

Brine shrimp are very rare. 你知道在美国只有犹他州和加利福尼亚州有盐水虾吗?

成为第一个拥有国家甲壳类动物的内陆国家将是一种荣誉! 目前,只有6个州有国家甲壳类动物. 它们是:俄勒冈州、马里兰州、得克萨斯州、缅因州、阿拉巴马州和路易斯安那州. All of these six states are on the water. 与这些国家, 犹他州是内陆州,所以鸿博体育将是独一无二的,因为鸿博体育是第一个拥有州内甲壳类动物的内陆州. 

我希望你能考虑的最后一个原因是,盐水虾非常罕见. 你知道在美国只有犹他州和加利福尼亚州有盐水虾吗? It would be special to have them as our crustacean. 这是COVID-19的黑暗日子,所以鸿博体育应该庆祝所有的自然和其他事情,让鸿博体育感觉更好.

谢谢您的考虑,希望能尽快收到您的答复.

真诚地,
Dean


上图:2018年5月,四年级学生在羚羊岛进行实地考察时,教师玛丽安的爱在大盐湖涉水.

学生的声音

Family creates flashlight at 制造商的夜晚.

Paper rockets whizzed through the air. 由水果容器和塑料袋制成的热气球盘旋在风洞上. 冰棒棒状的手电筒和自制电路发出的光闪耀着. 孩子们和大人的笑声充满了整个房间.

罗兰厅举办的第一个创客之夜吸引了140多人参加,非常成功.

事件, held in the McCarthey校园 Field House on November 7, was inspired by the 较低的学校’s 制造商的一天, where kids explore a variety of science, 技术, 工程, art, and math (STEAM) activities. 创客之夜在这个活动的基础上,将“入门学校”和“低年级家庭”纳入到实际的学习体验中.

小学校长吉吉·德·赫苏斯在教室里巡视, he couldn’t help but grin. “We love the fact that families can experience what kids experience in the classroom,”他说.

制造商的夜晚 attendees traveled among stations, engaging a variety of skills as mini scientists and engineers. 随着夜幕的降临, 父母 like Jenna Pagoaga, mother of second grader William and preschooler Ollie, 发现自己管理着一小部分已完成的实验. “It’s a great community event,她说,当时她看到威廉跑到“天空飞翔者”的桌子前,为乐高乘客设计一个小飞艇. “看到他们富有创造力,运用课堂上所学的知识,这很有趣。.”

Slideshow: Images from 鸿博体育's first 制造商的夜晚.

One of the biggest draws of the night was Nerdy Derby, 在那里,孩子们制造汽车,并在一座高大的城市的三条车道之一上比赛, 弯曲的轨道. The evening was punctuated with the cheers of those whose cars made it to the end of the track—and the groans of those whose creations fell apart on descent. 未被吓住, 那些学生只是抓起碎片,跑回设计桌,想办法加固他们的汽车. That is the point of 制造商的夜晚.

对父母来说,看到孩子的能力是很重要的. Give them a pile of stuff. 让他们探索. 基于游戏的部分,创造性的部分,是非常重要的.—Jodi Spiro, 较低的学校 math specialist

Jij解释说:“孩子们正在学习,尝试、搞砸、再尝试都是可以的。. 他还指出,在探索的时候,给予孩子独立的重要性. “Often, learning outcomes are decided beforehand; this is more open-ended,”他说. “It’s exciting to think of kids leading their own learning.”

较低的学校 Math Specialist Jodi Spiro echoed this idea. 制造商的夜晚, 她说, 强调父母和照顾者的科学思考过程, 规划, 测试, 和重新设计. 研究还表明,孩子们学习并不总是需要正式的指导. “对父母来说,看到自己的孩子有什么能力是很重要的,”她说. “Give them a pile of stuff. 让他们探索. 基于游戏的部分,创造性的部分,是非常重要的.”

塔莎哈顿, who attended 制造商的夜晚 with her fifth grader, 加布里埃尔, is excited by how simple an environment of exploration can be. 她还记得当加布里埃尔看到四年级老师Haas Pectol的回收塑料站时,她是多么兴奋, 在那里,孩子们把废弃的万圣节服装上的塑料编结成绳子,可以做成篮子——甚至, 作为哈斯证明, 钩针编织的魔爪. 制造商的夜晚, Tasha said, stimulated her family’s curiosity. “它给鸿博体育带来了一些鸿博体育原本不会想到的想法.”

塔莎还惊叹于,像回收塑料这样简单的东西,居然能给孩子的想象力带来奇迹. “They’ll look at the world differently,”她说. “下次他们看到这样的东西时,可能会迸发出新的想法.”

STEM

做真正的科学家所做的事:五年级的科学分享会庆祝探究, 过程, (有时)失败

Each August when students at 鸿博体育 enter fifth grade, 他们收到一个特殊的任务:写一封信给你的老师介绍你自己,并表达你对未来一年的希望和恐惧. According to Sarah Button and Chad Obermark, 两名有23年教罗兰堂五年级学生经验的初中教师, 75%的新生尤其担心一件事——科学份额.

"We talk about the science share from day one," Chad said.

年度春季项目, 这是20多年来低年级课程的一部分, 要求学生开发一个研究问题,然后执行科学的方法, culminating in a public presentation of their findings. It takes approximately eight weeks for students to complete the entire process: choosing a question, 形成一个假设, collecting and analyzing data, 使用声明-证据-推理框架写出他们的结果, 并为科学分享创建演示板和相应的主题-数字文档.

年度春季项目, 这是20多年来低年级课程的一部分, 要求学生开发一个研究问题,然后执行科学的方法, culminating in a public presentation of their findings.

持续时间, coupled with the independent nature of the research, is what contributes to student anxiety about the science share, 乍得解释. “他们真的必须拥有它,”他说,“对一些孩子来说,这是令人生畏的."

For some fifth-grade students, 确定他们的研究问题是这个过程中最困难的部分. Mackenzie白, whose project explored whether the duration of egg-whipping affected the height of a pound cake, said that finding a genuine question was her biggest challenge.

萨拉说,学生们最初提出的问题通常都属于这一类:那些他们已经知道答案的问题. 当她促使他们提出真正的问题时,他们就会开始关注. “他们会担心他们的假设可能会被证明是错误的,”她说. “所以我必须让他们放心,如果他们的实验失败了,他们发现了与预期不同的东西,没关系. That's what real scientists do."

At this year's science share on April 26, projects explored a range of questions, 比如长曲棍球杆上的球杆类型是否会影响击球的准确性, 或者在数学考试时听音乐是否会影响学生的表现. 教师, 父母, and other 较低的学校 students made their way around the room, 检查显示板, listening to presentations about the scientific method, and asking the fifth graders questions about their findings.

一些学生对向社区展示他们的作品感到紧张, though many spoke with pride about what they had learned. Will Chin, whose question was "does the temperature of a tennis ball affect how high it bounces?" described the painstaking process of data collection. 在拍摄了跳动的网球之后(其中一些已经冷却或加热过),他花了几个小时的时间钻研视频,以提取精确的身高测量值, often slowing down and rewinding footage multiple times. However, his advice to future students was reassuring. "Once you get past the procedure," he said, "it's really fun."

They'll worry that their hypothesis might turn out wrong. 所以我必须让他们放心,如果他们的实验失败了,他们发现了与预期不同的东西,没关系. That's what real scientists do. —Sarah Button, fifth-grade teacher

吉吉·布朗, 乔乔公园, Bea Martin对明年五年级的学生也有很好的建议:一定要选一个你真正感兴趣的问题. Choose a project that doesn't involve living subjects. Start early, and don't be afraid to ask your teacher for help.

Even though some students may struggle with the science share, 莎拉强调,解决有意义问题的过程——而不是展示的最终成果——才是创造积极学习成果的过程. 另外, the experience can impact the way students approach future projects in the 中学 and beyond. 对于萨拉以前的一个学生来说,他在科学方面并不是特别成功, that meant helping his brother out when he got to fifth grade. "He didn't want his brother to make the same mistakes he had,”莎拉说, 而他哥哥的项目最终成为了班上最好的项目之一."

The celebration of scientific inquiry and process, including the occasional failure, presents an opportunity for the community too, 根据乍得. 而许多其他低年级学校的表演或活动则侧重于艺术或文化, the science share offers a critical window into STEM learning. "It's a big deal," he said, "and it's a big deal about science."

STEM

科学实验室学生

去年秋天, 罗兰堂的一年级学生在科学实验室里解开了一个谜题:世界两边的两个岛屿上怎么会生长着同一棵树?

As part of a unit on seeds and trees, students suggested an explanation for this phenomenon, 然后根据线索来判断他们的解释是否可信. Carly Biedul—who served as the long-term science substitute teacher during Kirsten Walker's maternity leave and continues to teach the first- and second-grade science labs—was impressed with the students' engagement. “看到一年级的学生们随着对种子的了解越来越多,不断改变答案,真是太棒了,”她说. She explained that this lesson taught students about more than seed dispersal: it showed them that it's okay if your first answer to a problem is wrong because scientific study entails gathering evidence and then refining your answer based on what you learn.

Kids are the scientists now, and teachers are the facilitators. —Molly Lewis, sixth-grade science teacher

在过去的四年, 罗兰霍尔一直在研究和改进鸿博体育教授科学的方法, 主要是为战略计划的第二个目标服务:提供西部山区最杰出的数学和科学项目. While division-specific and developmentally appropriate, these curricular changes all have one thing in common: students are spending more time in class—and hopefully outside class too—engaging in the behaviors of science. They are conducting more lab experiments, which involve asking questions, 使观察, 收集数据, and forming and revising arguments. Teachers are often using the universal framework of claim-evidence-reasoning to guide their lessons, 是什么培养了学生在任何领域都能运用的批判性思维.

从幼儿园到八年级,罗兰堂的科学课程现在与 Next Generation Science Standards (门店) 哪些强调以探究为基础的学习和跨科学领域的联系. The 视觉概述 在门店 学生是否有权领导自己的科学发现, 六年级的科学老师莫莉·刘易斯全心全意地支持它.

“孩子们现在是科学家,”她说,“老师们是引导者。.“无论是指导一项鸿博体育人类视力的实验室实验,还是让学生认识到他们在某些情况下的视力局限性, such as a dark room—or exploring the relationship between the form and function of red blood cells, Molly is happy to let the students take risks and posit theories that might initially be ill-founded. “鸿博体育给他们的是有意义的背景,而不是抽象的想法, 然后教他们必要的技能来发现什么是对的,或者他们可以证明什么."

In the 中学 and the 较低的学校, phenomena—like the trees and their traveling seeds, or fossils found in sedimentary rocks—are being used to draw students into the practice of inquiry. 下层学校也有几个新的单元,将科学和识字结合起来, 为科学实验室更深入的实验奠定基础. 与此同时,入门学校通过以下活动来培养基本技能 daffodil painting and dissection.

For 上学校 Science Department Chair Alisa Poppen, the skills and concepts learned through lab work are essential, 她的部门最近获得了一些新的传感器和探针,这是正确收集数据所必需的. Echoing Molly, Alisa said, "鸿博体育使用实验室来建立模型,而不是简单地确认想法. We are focused on the behaviors of scientists, 要明白科学不是事实的集合而是一系列实践的集合."

鸿博体育使用实验室来建立模型,而不是简单地确认想法. We are focused on the behaviors of scientists, 要明白科学不是事实的集合而是一系列实践的集合. —Alisa Poppen, 上学校 science department chair

While the 上学校 curriculum is focused on moving toward lab-based Advanced Topics courses—rather than using the NGSS as their guide—Alisa is thrilled at the prospect of students entering ninth-grade science with an excellent foundation in the claim-evidence-reasoning framework. 此外, 她认为额外的实验时间会提高学生的参与度, much like Carly observed in first grade.

Teachers and administrators will continue to observe how students perform in science classrooms—and, 像优秀的科学家, 他们将根据收集到的数据完善他们的实践. 最终, 鸿博体育 remains committed to providing students with the best possible learning experience. 新上任的中学科学老师梅丽莎·夏普希望通过增加学生对科学的热情, 他们的学习经验也会延续到课余时间. “我想让他们进到车里,问他们的父母鸿博体育基因的问题, and say, 'Mom, 让我看看你的拇指!’”她说. "Or they might watch football and think about concussions, wondering what is happening in terms of neuroscience."

归结起来就是为了每个在罗兰厅教科学的人, 包括Melissa:“我希望学生们接受科学家的身份."

STEM

Annual Fund Sparks Young Minds
妈妈Tonya Pickron被女儿Lindsay对这个常规问题的回答惊呆了, "What's your favorite subject in school?" The fourth grader's answer: math.
"Lindsay has always been good at math, but she's never showed the confidence in it that she does now,”汤娅说. “玛丽安·詹金斯有一种教学方法,能让林赛兴奋起来. Now, 琳赛不仅喜欢被刁难的数学问题, but she's also interested in architecture. It's like she is becoming this little STEM girl."
 
Since the implementation of 鸿博体育's 2014年战略计划, 教师们越来越多地参与到专业发展中来帮助鸿博体育实现目标2——提供优秀的数学和科学课程. 去年夏天, 因为玛丽安有兴趣寻求数学方面的认可, 小学校长吉吉·德·赫苏斯派她去斯坦福大学参加一个研讨会. "I just died—I was so excited,”她说. “我坐在正前方. 真是太有趣了."

玛丽安是在斯坦福大学认识的 乔boal,世界著名数学教授,数学教育作家,数学教育的创始人 YouCubed该中心为教师提供数学教育资源. Marianne learned about mathematical mindset, 这项技术改编了卡罗尔·德韦克(Carol Dweck)的成长心态理论,并将其专门应用于数学教育. "So many kids label themselves as not being 'math people,' but everyone is a math person," the 鸿博体育 teacher said. The Stanford workshop taught her how to talk to students about brain development and making mistakes. Now, 玛丽安每周两次在黑板上写三道数学题, and one is always an extra-challenging word problem. Sometimes kids answer incorrectly. 但由于课堂文化的原因,他们可以轻松地讨论自己哪里做错了. "When they think it through, they get a 跺,跺,拍,拍 玛丽安说. “孩子们真的开始庆祝自己的错误,拥抱挣扎,因为他们明白这是他们成长的一部分."

这个研讨会让我相信,孩子们能做的比鸿博体育想象的多得多. They know that if something isn't hard, they're not learning. I want every student to be challenged. 他们知道我对他们期望很高,但他们也知道我很关心他们. 这是一个同样艰难和有利的环境,两者的结合刺激了增长.—Marianne Jenkins, fourth-grade teacher

学生们喜欢乔boal的工作坊和练习册中的先进活动. The problems are often at a sixth-grade level, 但玛丽安以一种适合学生大脑发育的方式来展示它们, 四年级学生通过建模和简单的代数来找到答案. “这个研讨会让我相信,孩子们能做的比鸿博体育想象的多得多,老师说. "They know that if something isn't hard, they're not learning. I want every student to be challenged. 他们知道我对他们期望很高,但他们也知道我很关心他们. 这是一个同样艰难和有利的环境,两者的结合刺激了增长."

在课堂上的成长对学生和教育者同样重要. Because of leadership gifts to the Annual Fund, 鸿博体育's teachers are offered professional-development opportunities—just like Marianne's workshop—that directly enhance their students' academic experiences. Think of it like a math problem; the transitive property of equality says that if a=b, and b=c, 然后c =.

(a)年度基金= (b)支援教职员专业发展
(b)支援教职员的专业发展= (c)学生成长及孩子茁壮成长
(a) Annual Fund = (c) Student Growth and Thriving Kids

这是简单的数学. 你的贡献极大地改变了罗兰堂学生的生活. Thank you so much for your support.

学者

Students Show off STEAM Skills at First Annual 制造商的一天

5月中旬, 低年级学生聚集在麦卡西校园的野外活动场所,参与到实践活动中来, 创造性的蒸汽(科学, 技术, 工程, art, 和数学)的活动 惊叹总线, a repurposed school bus with maker equipment. 鸿博体育的低, middle, 高年级学生也展示了他们在一年中从事的高技术和低技术的制造商项目.

STEM

代码周在鸿博体育继续提升计算机科学的形象

The 较低的学校 took part again this year in the national  一周的代码 December 5–11. 这一次, 编程活动在课程中更加交织在一起,因此该活动的精神可以贯穿整个学年.

鸿博体育 Director of 技术 Integration 基督教 Waters and 较低的学校 Principal Jij de Jesus worked closely with teachers to develop a schedule for all first through fifth graders to participate in 一周的代码—our own elongated version of the global 小时的代码.

“编程时间”及其背后的技术专家倡导将编程作为21世纪学习者的新素养. Students familiar with code, experts say, will design new solutions to the world's challenges. 罗兰堂已经开设了技术课程,帮助学生理解计算机的工作原理, 基督教说, and we’ll keep adding classes and other ways for students to express themselves through science, 技术, 工程, 和数学(STEM).

罗兰厅将继续参加“编码时间”活动,展示计算机科学的重要性, 基督教说. 有一个 deluge of tech jobs in Utah and across the US, and part of the solution to filling those jobs involves getting more women interested in the field. 女人是 notoriously underrepresented 在科技行业, but the school is working to change that by making computer science interesting for young girls, 基督教说. “We feel it’s particularly valuable for girls to see female role models in 技术 fields and understand how engaging and creative computer science can be,”他说. Last spring, 鸿博体育 hosted a screening of the documentary CODE: Debugging the Gender Gap 之后是与导演/制片人Robin Hauser和当地STEM教育和技术领域的男女进行的小组讨论. And a spring 小字 story detailed how in the 上学校, girls are some of 鸿博体育’s highest-profile STEM students.

约翰·奎因(John Quinn),云存储公司创始人兼首席开发官 Storj, dropped by Jeanne Zeigler’s third-grade class December 6 to talk to students (including his daughter, Abi) about the importance of coding. “鸿博体育正在进入一个人工智能——计算机和机器人——将以各种方式影响你的生活的世界,约翰告诉学生们. 如果你不知道如何编程,你可能会被困在后面,他说. But if you learn programming, “you’ll be able to build things and you’ll be able to create your own kind of interesting world.”

Students in Jeanne’s class proved they won’t be stuck behind. The third graders used iPads to play 我的世界, 飞扬的鸟, or 星球大战 通过代码.他们解决了这些以编码为导向的游戏所呈现的问题. 至少有一个充满活力的二人组合作取得了最大的成功——ocky Moyle和Lizzy Weiss合作完成了《鸿博体育》, 他们兴奋地举起手臂,一关接着一关.

STEM

You Belong at 鸿博体育